FTL and LTL are two terms you may have heard thrown around in the trucking world, but what do they actually mean? In the freight shipping industry what is their role and what do they do?
FTL stands for “full truckload”. This is a type of shipment where the entire truck is filled with goods that are being transported from one place to another. LTL, on the other hand, stands for “less than truckload”. This is a shipment that doesn’t fill an entire truck; instead, it’s a portion of a truck’s capacity.

Which option is right for you? That depends on several factors, such as the size and weight of your cargo and how quickly you need it to arrive at its destination. Let us know about them in detail now. Let us learn about FTL VS LTL.

What is FTL?

Full truckload (FTL) shipping is a type of transportation logistics service that involves the transport of large palletized or crated shipments by truck. It utilizes a dedicated and exclusive vehicle to deliver cargo from one point to another, with no additional stops along the way. This type of shipment is usually more cost-effective than other forms of shipment, such as Intermodal, expedited, and other forms of shipping.

The main advantages of FTL shipments include faster delivery times, greater flexibility and control over the cargo, and more reliable service compared to LTL services. Additionally, it is often easier to track the status of a full truckload shipment than other types since it is exclusive to one customer. FTL shipments are ideal for customers who need a large shipment of cargo that requires immediate delivery, as well as when goods must arrive in pristine condition due to their sensitivity.

Overall, full truckload shipping is an efficient and cost-effective solution for companies that require a bigger shipment size and more reliable delivery service. It is suitable for a wide range of goods, including hazardous materials and sensitive products such as food and pharmaceuticals.

FTL transportation can also be beneficial for customers that need to reduce their storage costs by having their goods delivered in bulk. With the right truckload carrier partner, companies can benefit from secure, cost-effective solutions that are tailored to meet their needs.

What is LTL?

Less than truckload (LTL) is a form of transportation for individuals or companies who are shipping freight that does not quite fill a full-sized truck. It is also commonly referred to as “partial truckload” since it generally involves the transport of goods that don’t occupy an entire truck. LTL shipments can be of any size but vary considerably in cost based on the weight and size of the items being shipped.

The pricing for LTL shipments typically includes a base rate, fuel surcharge, accessorial fees, and other costs such as delivery charges. This type of transportation is often used to ship palletized freight that would otherwise be too costly or difficult to ship via parcel or parcel express services. LTL is an ideal shipping solution for businesses that are looking to save money while still getting their products delivered on time. It can also provide a more efficient and cost-effective way of transporting goods than full truckload shipping.

Additionally, LTL shipment allows customers to track their shipments in real-time so they can stay updated on the progress of their products. LTL shipping is an essential service for businesses that need to ship goods quickly and efficiently. It can save time and money while still providing the necessary level of security, tracking, and customer service.

Apart from FTL & LTL, there are other freight shipping services as well. Follow this article to know about the Different Types Of Freight Transportation Services.

Difference Between FTL And LTL

Even though FTL & LTL differ in many different ways, the main differences between FTL and LTL shipments can be broken down into the following six categories:


FTL shipments usually carry more weight and occupy a larger physical space than LTL shipments. This allows for more flexibility in how much product can be shipped at one time, allowing companies to make fewer trips and save money on transportation costs.


FTL shipments are typically more expensive than LTL shipments due to the extra cost of larger vehicles, extra labor costs involved with loading and unloading, and the cost of fuel over long distances.


FTL shipments are typically faster than LTL shipments as they require fewer stops along the way and can travel farther distances at a time. This results in faster delivery times for customers, which is often a major advantage for companies.


FTL shipments require more attention to detail and a higher level of expertise when it comes to loading and unloading as the shipments tend to be larger and heavier than LTL shipments. This can lead to more potential for damage during transit, so proper handling is essential.


FTL shipments are typically much heavier than LTL shipments, which can limit where they can be shipped. Some roads may not be able to handle the weight of a full truckload and some locations may have restrictions on how much weight can be unloaded at once, so companies must plan accordingly.


FTL shipments are often more fragile than LTL shipments due to the weight and size of items being shipped. Proper care must be taken when loading, handling, and transporting FTL shipments to ensure that they arrive at their destination in one piece.

Overall, both FTL and LTL shipments have their benefits depending on what is being shipped and where it is going. Companies should take the time to consider which type of shipment is best suited for their needs in order to ensure that their products arrive safely and on time.

It’s important to note that both FTL and LTL shipments can be used together in order to reduce costs, save time, and maximize efficiency. By combining the two types of shipments, companies can maximize their resources and reduce their overall shipping costs. By doing this, companies can ensure that all of their products are delivered on time and in the best condition possible.

FTL vs LTL, Which One Should You Choose?

The primary difference between Full Truckload (FTL) and Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) is the amount of goods that are being transported. FTL involves moving a full truckload of goods at once, while LTL involves consolidating multiple shipments together to fill up a single truck.

FTL shipping is perfect for businesses that need to move large quantities of goods from one location to another. LTL shipping, on the other hand, is better suited for businesses that need to ship smaller quantities of goods.

FTL shipping can be used to transport shipments weighing up to 40,000 pounds. Typically, they involve a single shipment traveling on one truck from point A to point B. This type of service is often more expensive than LTL shipping because you’re paying for the entire capacity of the truck.

With LTL shipping, shipments weighing up to 10,000 pounds can be transported. Instead of filling a truck with goods from one company, LTL carriers will consolidate multiple small shipments together in order to make the most efficient use of the space available on their trucks. This service is usually more cost-effective than FTL shipping because you’re only paying for the portion of the truck that your shipment occupies.

When deciding which freight transportation service is right for you, it’s important to consider the size and speed of delivery. FTL shipping offers quicker transit times because shipments are not being consolidated with other companies’ products. However, if you don’t need an urgent delivery and you’re looking for more cost-effective option, LTL shipping is a great choice.

When choosing between FTL and LTL shipping services, it’s important to consider the size of your shipment and the speed of delivery that you need. By weighing the differences between these two freight transportation services, you can make an informed decision that works best for your business.

In the end, the right freight transportation service will depend on your company’s needs and budget. By carefully considering all of your options, you can ensure that you find the most cost-effective and efficient solution for getting your goods where they need to go. With FTL and LTL shipping, you can rest assured that your goods will arrive at their destination safe and sound.

If you’re looking for freight services such as FTL & LTL, contact 7 Ace logistics today. They are a Freight Broker in Florida with the most cost-effective shipping solutions for you, according to your needs and requirements. Visit them today to know which option would be better for you, FTL or LTL.